Tarquina: the Archeological Museum

The first floor, the renowned “Winged Horses” have been preserved – a high-relief sculpture from the 4th century BC which was once part of the ornate facade of the Temple of the “Ara della Regina”.  contains pottery which has been excavated from the Necropolis and is organised in chronological order. The exhibition begins in the last room at the far end of the gallery which displays the most ancient artifacts dating back to the Villanovan Period (9th-8th century B.C.)  and continues chronologically in the successive rooms passing through the Orientalizing Period (late 8th -7th century B.C.) with exquisite examples of Phoenician and Egyptian art,  important Grecian urns – especially those from Corinth dating from the late 7th to the 6th century B.C. Continuing, museum visitors can admire   typical Etruscan ceramics – Corinthian in style imitating the Greeks, and known as Bucchero which was basically an affordable reproduction of bronze dinnerware. Following, there are examples of imported ceramics brought from Attica decorated with black and red figures dating back to the 6th century B.C.   Located in a showcase in the room, “Salone della Feste” there is an Etruscan bronze coin collection as well as gold minted coins dating from the late Imperial Roman period which were found in the excavations of the Roman Colony at Gravisca which was settled in 181 B.C.  Another glass case holds a collection of gold jewellery which was  designed and created using a granulation technique. The next room displays locally crafted Etruscan items including ceramics, metal works, mirrors, perfume receptacles and other household items.  In the last room there are devotional relics – those offered to the gods in worship, which were excavated from the sanctuary at the “Ara della Regina”. The majority of these are moulded out of clay and are depictions of different parts of the human body or individual heads. These were offered to the gods in order to ask for protection and healing.

 

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