Tarchna, Corneto, Tarquinia

The Tarquinia territory, one of the vastest in Italy, stretches from the shadowy woods of Viterbo all the way to the sunny beaches of the Tyrrhenian coast.
Throughout the centuries this land provided food and shelter to numerous peoples.
The present-day Tarquinia, with its pulsing vitality and in full expansion, is the living aspect of a constellation of other cities that died silently and whose traces can still be seen. In summer you can sunbathe on the local beaches and swim in the calm waters of the Tyrrhenian sea, but in any season you can enjoy the coast, the countryside, the woods. The city has a lot to offer at any time of the year.

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Town Hall

The municipal seat of Corneto dates back to the 13th century and was once enclosed by the original fortified wall of the city, demonstrating the expansion of the city to include the churches, convents and monasteries of various Mendicant Orders which were priorly located outside the city walls. Portions of the original wall which followed the modern day Barriera S. Giusto, the street of Vittorio Emanuele II and Alberata D. Alghieri also included the tower located within the town hall, dating between the 10th and 11th centuries, which is set on a square foundation built of squared “macco” stones and divided into various floors. The municipal building has two entrances – one which faces S. Pancrazio (St. Pancras) and the other, being the main entrance, opens out onto Matteotti Square. The original predominant architectural style is Romanesque and even though the building contains a smatter of Gothic elements, it has maintained a homogeneous style despite the consecutive restorations and additions. Restorations during the 16th century were essential due to a fire in 1476 which seriously damaged the structure. Consequently, there was a major extension made to the edifice on the west side of the building as well as painstaking restoration work done to the main entrance facing Matteotti Square. The entranceway from S. Pancrazio is composed of a portal made of “peperino” stone and includes a grand stairway which was built in the 19th century in order to facilitate access to the Community Theatre which was originally where the Town Hall Council Chamber now stands. The theater was finally closed in the 1940s and the Council Chamber was built in its stead. Entering from Matteotti Square it is interesting to note the grand archway which lies beneath the Town Hall and connects the square to the street of S. Pancrazio. It is a loggia or roofed open gallery which is supported by a large rounded arch that dates back to 1366. Originally it was only a terrace or balcony and the grand stairway was added at a later date along with the large rounded arch below, which was built later on in the 17th century. Additional modifications were made to the tower when the building was restored during the 16th century. The facade is covered with numerous plaques pertaining to historical events and important figures in the life of Corneto-Tarquinia, not to mention an iron measuring rod fixed to the wall which once served to avoid disputes between fellow citizens. Currently the building houses the various city government offices to serve the community.

Culture, History and Heritage

THE ETRUSCANS

THE ETRUSCANS

TARCHNA, CORNETO, TARQUINIA

TARCHNA, CORNETO, TARQUINIA

MAREMMA BETWEEN SEA AND NATURE

MAREMMA BETWEEN SEA AND NATURE

TARQUINIA, A LITERARY PLACE

TARQUINIA, A LITERARY PLACE

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